Gastric disorder
  Peptic Ulcer

Both stomach (gastric) ulcers and duodenal ulcers are referred to as peptic ulcers. Whereas duodenal ulcers affect four times as many men as women, stomach ulcers are more or less equal distributed; for women, however, the risk of ulcers increases after the Menopause, perhaps because high levels of estrogen have a protective effect.

Stomach ulcers are coin-sized raw areas on the walls of the stomach where the protective mucus coating has been eroded by acidic gastric juice after infection has damaged the lining. A bacterium is nearly always found in those with gastric ulcers, it is present in only 40 per cent of healthy stomachs. It can be diagnosed by a breath test. It is also more common in people in poor social and economic groups and with a poor diet. May be due to over-production of acid PROBLEMS, failure to produce enough mucus, or regurgitation of bile from the duodenum, which may in turn be due to heavy smoking or drinking, irregular eating habits, Allergy to foods such as wheat and mild Stress, recurrent Gastritis, or drugs, especially aspirin, steroids, and non - steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

The symptoms of a stomach ulcer are a gnawing or burning pain in the chest or upper abdomen, sometimes lasting for 1-2 hours, Indigestion and Nausea and vomiting pain may or may not coincide with eating. Groups most at risk are older people, people on low incomes, and blood group A. With time, if ulcers are left untreated, there maybe losses of appetite and Weight (if ulcer perforates stomach wall), pyloric stenosis (if ulcer blocks exit from stomach), and cancer of the stomach, are also slight risks. A bleeding stomach ulcer is fairly rare, but can cause rapid blood loss and Shock, Anemia..

Duodenal ulcers are raw spots in the lining of the duodenum eroded by acid from the stomach; somewhat smaller than stomach ulcers, they usually cause gnawing upper abdominal pain 3-4 hours after eating. As with stomach ulcers, heavy smoking, aspirin, steroids, and anti-inflammatory drugs, and over-production of stomach acid are the culprits; condition is more common in blood group O and among people with emphysema or alcoholic Cirrhosis of the liver. Possible complications include bleeding, leading to Anemia, pyloric stenosis (narrowing of exit from stomach), and Peritonitis (infection of abdominal cavity if ulcers perforate duodenal wall).

Conventional treatment of stomach and duodenal ulcers includes bed rest; antacids, H2 receptor antagonists (such as ranitidine and cimetidine), and proton pump inhibitors such as omeprezole; also antibiotics and bismuth to eliminate Helicobacter.
Indigestions and Nausea and vomiting for specific homeopathic remedies; many of these include 'peptic ulcer' as one of their symptoms.



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